Patient care has become increasingly complex with the
widespread use of advanced technologies in routine care.
Healthcare providers must keep track of a staggering
amount of information -- and their failure to do so
can have a detrimental effect on patient care. Clinical
Information System (CIS) is a solution to this dilemma.
CIS is designed to bring the management of patient data
into the information age. It is intended to replace
the Medical Records Department of a medical institution,
supporting the acquisition, storage, manipulation, and
distribution of clinical information throughout the
Clinical information systems consist of information
technology that is applied at the point of clinical
care. They include electronic medical records, clinical
data repositories, decision support programs (such as
clinical guidelines and drug interaction checking),
handheld devices for collecting data and viewing reference
material, imaging modalities and communication tools
such as electronic messaging systems.
Increasingly, care is provided in multiple settings
thus creating a need for clinicians to share data with
providers at other locations and to pool them with other
clinical data in order to provide a complete picture
of an individual patient. Advances in computer networking
and wireless communication technology have now made
it possible for clinicians to access these data from
any location whether it is in the office, the hospital,
at home, or even when traveling out of town.